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MTData automates the collection and preparation of machine translation (MT) datasets. It provides CLI and python APIs, which can be used for preparing MT experiments.

This tool knows:

  • From where to download data sets: WMT News Translation tests and devs for Paracrawl, Europarl, News Commentary, WikiTitles, Tilde Model corpus, OPUS …​

  • How to extract files : .tar, .tar.gz, .tgz, .zip, …​

  • How to parse .tmx, .sgm and such XMLs, or .tsv …​ Checks if they have same number of segments.

  • Whether parallel data is in one .tsv file or two sgm files.

  • Whether data is compressed in gz, xz or none at all.

  • Whether the source-target is in the same order or is it swapped as target-source order.

  • How to map code to ISO language codes! Using ISO 639_3 that has space for 7000+ languages of our planet.

    • New in v0.3: BCP-47 like language ID: (language, script, region)

  • Download only once and keep the files in local cache.

  • (And more of such tiny details over the time.)

MTData is here to:

  • Automate machinbe translation training data creation by taking out human intervention. This is inspired by SacreBLEU that takes out human intervention at the evaluation stage.

  • A reusable tool instead of dozens of use-once shell scripts spread across multiple repos.

Installation

# from pypi
pip install mtdata

# from the source code on github
git clone https://github.com/thammegowda/mtdata
cd mtdata
pip install --editable .

# from develop branch

Current Status:

We have added some commonly used datasets - you are welcome to add more! These are the summary of datasets from various sources (Updated: Feb 2022).

Source Dataset Count

OPUS

131,359

Neulab

4,455

Facebook

1,617

AllenAi

1,611

ELRC

1,506

EU

1,178

Statmt

752

Tilde

519

LinguaTools

253

Anuvaad

196

AI4Bharath

192

ParaCrawl

127

Lindat

56

UN

30

JoshuaDec

29

StanfordNLP

15

ParIce

8

Phontron

4

NRC_CA

4

IITB

3

WAT

3

KECL

2

Masakhane

2

Total

143,921

Usecases

CLI Usage

  • After pip installation, the CLI can be called using mtdata command or python -m mtdata

  • There are two sub commands: list for listing the datasets, and get for getting them

mtdata list

Lists datasets that are known to this tool.

mtdata list -h
usage: __main__.py list [-h] [-l L1-L2] [-n [NAME ...]] [-nn [NAME ...]] [-f] [-o OUT]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -l L1-L2, --langs L1-L2
                        Language pairs; e.g.: deu-eng (default: None)
  -n [NAME ...], --names [NAME ...]
                        Name of dataset set; eg europarl_v9. (default: None)
  -nn [NAME ...], --not-names [NAME ...]
                        Exclude these names (default: None)
  -f, --full            Show Full Citation (default: False)
# List everything ; add | cut -f1  to see ID column only
mtdata list | cut -f1

# List a lang pair
mtdata list -l deu-eng

# List a dataset by name(s)
mtdata list -n europarl
mtdata list -n europarl news_commentary

# list by both language pair and dataset name
 mtdata list -l deu-eng -n europarl news_commentary newstest_deen  | cut -f1
    Statmt-europarl-9-deu-eng
    Statmt-europarl-7-deu-eng
    Statmt-news_commentary-14-deu-eng
    Statmt-news_commentary-15-deu-eng
    Statmt-news_commentary-16-deu-eng
    Statmt-newstest_deen-2014-deu-eng
    Statmt-newstest_deen-2015-deu-eng
    Statmt-newstest_deen-2016-deu-eng
    Statmt-newstest_deen-2017-deu-eng
    Statmt-newstest_deen-2018-deu-eng
    Statmt-newstest_deen-2019-deu-eng
    Statmt-newstest_deen-2020-deu-eng
    Statmt-europarl-10-deu-eng
    OPUS-europarl-8-deu-eng

# get citation of a dataset (if available in index.py)
mtdata list -l deu-eng -n newstest_deen --full

Dataset ID

Dataset IDs are standardized to this format:
<Group>-<name>-<version>-<lang1>-<lang2>

  • Group: source or the website where we are obtaining this dataset

  • name: name of the dataset

  • version: version name

  • lang1 and lang2 are BCP47-like codes. In simple case, they are ISO-639-3 codes, however, they might have script and language tags separated by underscores (_).

mtdata get

This command downloads datasets specified by names for languages to a directory. You will have to make definite choice for --train and --test arguments

mtdata get -h
python -m mtdata get -h
usage: __main__.py get [-h] -l L1-L2 [-tr [ID ...]] [-ts [ID ...]] [-dv ID] [--merge | --no-merge] [--compress] -o OUT_DIR

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -l L1-L2, --langs L1-L2
                        Language pairs; e.g.: deu-eng (default: None)
  -tr [ID ...], --train [ID ...]
                        Names of datasets separated by space, to be used for *training*.
                            e.g. -tr Statmt-news_commentary-16-deu-eng europarl_v9 .
                             To concatenate all these into a single train file, set --merge flag. (default: None)
  -ts [ID ...], --test [ID ...]
                        Names of datasets separated by space, to be used for *testing*.
                            e.g. "-ts Statmt-newstest_deen-2019-deu-eng Statmt-newstest_deen-2020-deu-eng ".
                            You may also use shell expansion if your shell supports it.
                            e.g. "-ts Statmt-newstest_deen-20{19,20}-deu-eng"  (default: None)
  -dv ID, --dev ID     Dataset to be used for development (aka validation).
                            e.g. "-dv Statmt-newstest_deen-2017-deu-eng" (default: None)
  --merge               Merge train into a single file (default: False)
  --no-merge            Do not Merge train into a single file (default: True)
  --compress            Keep the files compressed (default: False)
  -o OUT_DIR, --out OUT_DIR
                        Output directory name (default: None)

Quickstart / Example

See what datasets are available for deu-eng

$ mtdata list -l deu-eng | cut -f1  # see available datasets
    Statmt-commoncrawl_wmt13-1-deu-eng
    Statmt-europarl_wmt13-7-deu-eng
    Statmt-news_commentary_wmt18-13-deu-eng
    Statmt-europarl-9-deu-eng
    Statmt-europarl-7-deu-eng
    Statmt-news_commentary-14-deu-eng
    Statmt-news_commentary-15-deu-eng
    Statmt-news_commentary-16-deu-eng
    Statmt-wiki_titles-1-deu-eng
    Statmt-wiki_titles-2-deu-eng
    Statmt-newstest_deen-2014-deu-eng
    ....[truncated]

Get these datasets and store under dir data/deu-eng

 $ mtdata get -l deu-eng --out data/deu-eng --merge \
     --train Statmt-europarl-10-deu-eng Statmt-news_commentary-16-deu-eng \
     --dev Statmt-newstest_deen-2017-deu-eng  --test Statmt-newstest_deen-20{18,19,20}-deu-eng
    # ...[truncated]
    INFO:root:Train stats:
    {
      "total": 2206240,
      "parts": {
        "Statmt-news_commentary-16-deu-eng": 388482,
        "Statmt-europarl-10-deu-eng": 1817758
      }
    }
    INFO:root:Dataset is ready at deu-eng

To reproduce this dataset again in the future or by others, please refer to <out-dir>/mtdata.signature.txt:

$ cat deu-eng/mtdata.signature.txt
mtdata get -l deu-eng -tr Statmt-europarl-10-deu-eng Statmt-news_commentary-16-deu-eng \
   -ts Statmt-newstest_deen-2018-deu-eng Statmt-newstest_deen-2019-deu-eng Statmt-newstest_deen-2020-deu-eng \
   -dv Statmt-newstest_deen-2017-deu-eng --merge -o <out-dir>
mtdata version 0.3.0-dev

See what the above command has accomplished:

$ tree  data/deu-eng/
├── dev.deu -> tests/Statmt-newstest_deen-2017-deu-eng.deu
├── dev.eng -> tests/Statmt-newstest_deen-2017-deu-eng.eng
├── mtdata.signature.txt
├── test1.deu -> tests/Statmt-newstest_deen-2020-deu-eng.deu
├── test1.eng -> tests/Statmt-newstest_deen-2020-deu-eng.eng
├── test2.deu -> tests/Statmt-newstest_deen-2018-deu-eng.deu
├── test2.eng -> tests/Statmt-newstest_deen-2018-deu-eng.eng
├── test3.deu -> tests/Statmt-newstest_deen-2019-deu-eng.deu
├── test3.eng -> tests/Statmt-newstest_deen-2019-deu-eng.eng
├── tests
│   ├── Statmt-newstest_deen-2017-deu-eng.deu
│   ├── Statmt-newstest_deen-2017-deu-eng.eng
│   ├── Statmt-newstest_deen-2018-deu-eng.deu
│   ├── Statmt-newstest_deen-2018-deu-eng.eng
│   ├── Statmt-newstest_deen-2019-deu-eng.deu
│   ├── Statmt-newstest_deen-2019-deu-eng.eng
│   ├── Statmt-newstest_deen-2020-deu-eng.deu
│   └── Statmt-newstest_deen-2020-deu-eng.eng
├── train-parts
│   ├── Statmt-europarl-10-deu-eng.deu
│   ├── Statmt-europarl-10-deu-eng.eng
│   ├── Statmt-news_commentary-16-deu-eng.deu
│   └── Statmt-news_commentary-16-deu-eng.eng
├── train.deu
├── train.eng
├── train.meta.gz
└── train.stats.json

Recipes

Since v0.3.1

Recipe is a set of datasets nominated for train, dev, and tests, and are meant to improve reproducibility of experiments. Recipes are loaded from

  1. Default: mtdata/recipe/recipes.yml from source code

  2. Cache dir: $MTDATA/mtdata.recipes.yml where $MTDATA has default of ~/.mtdata

  3. Current dir: All files matching the glob: $PWD/mtdata.recipes*.yml

    • If current dir is not preferred, export MTDATA_RECIPES=/path/to/dir

    • Alternatively, MTDATA_RECIPES=/path/to/dir mtdata list-recipe

See mtdata/recipe/recipes.yml for the format and examples.

mtdata list-recipe  # see all recipes
mtdata get-recipe -ri <recipe_id> -o <out_dir>  # get recipe, recreate dataset

Language Name Standardization

ISO 639 3

Internally, all language codes are mapped to ISO-639 3 codes. The mapping can be inspected with python -m mtdata.iso ` or `mtdata-iso

$  mtdata-iso -h
usage: python -m mtdata.iso [-h] [-b] [langs [langs ...]]

ISO 639-3 lookup tool

positional arguments:
  langs        Language code or name that needs to be looked up. When no
               language code is given, all languages are listed.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help   show this help message and exit
  -b, --brief  be brief; do crash on error inputs

# list all 7000+ languages and their 3 letter codes
$ mtdata-iso    # python -m mtdata.iso
...

# lookup codes for some languages
$ mtdata-iso ka kn en de xx english german
Input   ISO639_3        Name
ka      kat     Georgian
kn      kan     Kannada
en      eng     English
de      deu     German
xx      -none-  -none-
english eng     English
german  deu     German

# Print no header, and crash on error;
$ mtdata-iso xx -b
Exception: Unable to find ISO 639-3 code for 'xx'. Please run
python -m mtdata.iso | grep -i <name>
to know the 3 letter ISO code for the language.

To use Python API

from mtdata.iso import iso3_code
print(iso3_code('en', fail_error=True))
print(iso3_code('eNgLIsH', fail_error=True))  # case doesnt matter

BCP-47

Since v0.3.0

We used ISO 639-3 from the beginning, however, we soon faced the limitation that ISO 639-3 cannot distinguish script and region variants of language. So we have upgraded to BCP-47 like language tags in v0.3.0.

  • BCP47 uses two-letter codes to some and three-letter codes to the rest, we use three-letter codes to all languages.

  • BCP47 uses - hyphens we use _ underscores, since hyphens are used by MT community to separate bitext pairs (e.g. en-de or eng-deu)

Our tags are of form xxx_Yyyy_ZZ where

Pattern Purpose Standard Length Case Required

xxx

Language

ISO 639-3

three-letters

lowercase

mandatory

Yyyy

Script

ISO 15924

four-letters

Titlecase

optional

ZZ

Region

ISO 3166-1

two-letters

CAPITALS

optional

Notes:

  • Region is preserved when available and left blank when unavailable

  • Script Yyyy is forcibly suppressed in obvious cases. E.g. eng is written using Latn script, writing eng-Latn is just awkward to read as Latn is default we suppress Latn script for English. On the other hand a language like Kannada is written using Knda script (kan-Knda -> kan), but occasionally written using Latn script, so kan-Latn is not suppressed.

  • The information about what is default script is obtained from IANA language code registry

  • Language code mul stands for _multiple languages, and is used as a placeholder for multilingual datasets (See mul-eng to represent many-to-English dataset recipes in (mtdata/recipe/recipes.yml)

Example:

To inspect parsing/mapping, use python -m mtdata.iso.bcp47 <args>

python -m mtdata.iso.bcp47 eng English en-US en-GB eng-Latn kan Kannada-Deva hin-Deva kan-Latn
INPUT STD LANG SCRIPT REGION

eng

eng

eng

None

None

English

eng

eng

None

None

en-US

eng_US

eng

None

US

en-GB

eng_GB

eng

None

GB

eng-Latn

eng

eng

None

None

kan

kan

kan

None

None

Kannada-Deva

kan_Deva

kan

Deva

None

hin-Deva

hin

hin

None

None

kan-Latn

kan_Latn

kan

Latn

None

kan-in

kan_IN

kan

None

IN

kn-knda-in

kan_IN

kan

None

IN

Python API for BCP47 Mapping

from mtdata.iso.bcp47 import bcp47
tag = bcp47("en_US")
print(*tag)  # tag is a tuple
print(f"{tag}")  # str(tag) gets standardized string

How to Contribute:

Change Cache Directory:

The default cache directory is $HOME/.mtdata. It can grow to a large size when you download a lot of datasets using this command.

To change it:

  • set the following environment variable export MTDATA=/path/to/new-cache-dir

  • Alternatively, move $HOME/.mtdata to the desired place and create a symbolic link

    mv $HOME/.mtdata /path/to/new/place
    ln -s /path/to/new/place $HOME/.mtdata

Run tests

Tests are located in tests/ directory. To run all the tests:

python -m pytest

Developers and Contributor:

Citation

@inproceedings{gowda-etal-2021-many,
    title = "Many-to-{E}nglish Machine Translation Tools, Data, and Pretrained Models",
    author = "Gowda, Thamme  and
      Zhang, Zhao  and
      Mattmann, Chris  and
      May, Jonathan",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 11th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing: System Demonstrations",
    month = aug,
    year = "2021",
    address = "Online",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://aclanthology.org/2021.acl-demo.37",
    doi = "10.18653/v1/2021.acl-demo.37",
    pages = "306--316",
}

Disclaimer on Datasets

This tools downloads and prepares public datasets. We do not host or distribute these datasets, vouch for their quality or fairness, or make any claims regarding license to use these datasets. It is your responsibility to determine whether you have permission to use the dataset under the dataset’s license. We request all the users of this tool to cite the original creators of the datsets, which maybe obtained from mtdata list -n <NAME> -l <L1-L2> -full.

If you’re a dataset owner and wish to update any part of it (description, citation, etc.), or do not want your dataset to be included in this library, please get in touch through a GitHub issue. Thanks for your contribution to the ML community!